CORDOBA – ARGENTINA
Ciudad del centro de Argentina, capital de la provincia homónima. Limita con las provincias de Santa Fe por el este; de Santiago del Estero por el norte; de Catamarca, La Rioja y San Luis por el oeste, y de La Pampa por el sur.
Se encuentra localizada en el contacto de la llanura Pampeana con las sierras de Córdoba y surcada por el río Suquía o Primero, el cual se halla embalsado en el dique San Roque. Su extensión es de 576km2 y su clima continental, con temperaturas entre los 26°C y los 12°C durante el año. La ciudad es un importante nudo ferroviario y centro fabril, con una gran actividad en el procesamiento de carne, lana, frutas y verduras, lo que la convierte en la segunda ciudad en importancia de Argentina. Córdoba cuenta asimismo con una fábrica de aviones y trenes, varias plantas de automóviles, molinos y fábricas de plásticos y materiales de construcción. Es sede de la Universidad Nacional de Córdoba (fundada por los jesuitas en 1613), de la Academia Nacional de Córdoba, del Observatorio Astronómico y del Instituto Meteorológico Nacional.
La ciudad fue fundada en 1573 por el español Luis Jerónimo de Cabrera con el nombre de Córdoba de la Nueva Andalucía. Desde hace varios siglos goza de prestigio como centro educativo, hasta el punto de ser denominada ‘la docta’. Durante 200 años fue uno de los cuarteles generales de los jesuitas en Sudamérica. En la época del virreinato del Río de la Plata, Córdoba fue también capital de la provincia colonial de Tucumán. En su abundante patrimonio cultural puede citarse la casa del obispo Mercadillo, el Cabildo (1785), la iglesia Catedral (1577), el cementerio de las Carmelitas Descalzas (1628) o el Colegio Nacional de Montserrat (1695).
La belleza paisajística del área serrana constituye uno de los polos nacionales más importantes de atracción turística. La provincia de Córdoba cuenta con una superficie de 165.321km2 y con una población (1991) de 2.764.176 habitantes. Ciudad de Cordoba: 1.267.521 habitantes (INDEC, 2001).
Informacion General de Argentina para el visitante extranjero
About Argentina (English Version)
Argentina is located in the southern extreme of South America. With a continental extension of 2.791.810 Km2.(including Malvinas Islands, other South Atlantic Islands and part of Antarctica). Argentina is the second largest country in South America and the eighth in the world. Including the Antarctic Sector, Argentina claims a total area of 3.761.274 Km2 It is some 1425 Km across at its widest from east to west and stretches 3.800 Km from the north to the south. it is bounded by Bolivia and Paraguay on the north, Brasil, Uruguay and the Atlantic Ocean on the east, and by the Atlantic Ocean and Chile on the west and south.
The western part of Argentina is occupied by the Andes mountain range, the great mountain system of the South American continent. Here we find the Aconcagua (6.959 m), the highest peak in the world outside those existing in the Himalaya. There also exists several parallel ranges to the east of the Andes, such as the Eastern Mountain range and the Sub-Andean sierras to the north ,The Pampean Sierras to the north and centre from the Aconquija up to the Sierras of Córdoba and San Luis, and Buenos Aires sierras systems such as Tandilia and Ventania The central part and the east of Argentina (except for the parallel groups to the Andes already mentioned) consist almost entirely of a flat or gently undulating plain.
Climate and Regions
Argentina has exceptional natural beauties, for it comprises a diverse territory of mountains, plateaux and plains with all the climatic variations There are several climatic and landscape regions
It stands out for its tropical climate, its colourful mountains, the Puna high plateaux, the gorges, the valleys and the characteristic settlement patterns that make up the history of this land.
2) GRAN CHACO
Primarily forestal area with forests of subtropical climate, swampy lands and ponds.
In the northern part the subtropical climate prevails whereas, in the south the climatic conditions are more temperate . It is rich in flora and fauna. Its territory consists of slopes, ponds and swampy lands cut through by important rivers .
With its montaneous characteristics (The Aconcagua lies here), it has an arid temperate climate. However, man, through artificial irrigation, has turned it into an ideal land for the viticulture and viniculture.
5) CENTRAL SIERRAS
The central sierras of Córdoba and San Luis offer a quite bening dry temperate climate. They posses numerous rivers and artificial water mirrors.
6) HUMID PAMPA
The Pampa with its temperate climate posseses the most productive lands of the country (and one of the best ones of the world) for the agriculture and cattle breeding. Its plain landscape is just broken by Tandil and Ventania Sierras. The East is characterised by the vast populated beaches of the Atlantic coast.
The largest region with the coldest climate (especially in the southern part). The west consists mainly of a montaneous landscape peppered with spectacular woods, lakes and glaciers. The centre offers sterile plateaux and the east vast beaches with spectacular and unique colonies of marine animals for sightseeing. The southern extreme of this region makes up the southermost point of the world.
Argentina has a low demographic density. It consists of around 36 millon people, mainly established in the urban centres. The 85% of the population is descendant of inmigrants from Europe. As opposed to most Latin American countries, in Argentina there are relatively few Indian half castes (people of mixed races: european and indian). Almost half of the population of the country live in the Federal Capital and the province of Buenos Aires. The urban population makes up the 88% of the whole whereas the rural population represents the 22%. The figures give us a population density of 13 inhabitants per km2 with an annual growing of 1,5 %.
BUENOS AIRES – 11 millons (Federal Capital and the Conurbation)
CORDOBA – 1,2 millons.
ROSARIO – 1.15 millons
MENDOZA – 851.000
SAN MIGUEL DE TUCUMAN – 626.143
LA PLATA – 520.647
MAR DEL PLATA – 519.707
SALTA – 367.099
Spanish is the official language and is spoken by the great majority of Argentinians. English, French and Italian are, in lesser or greater degree, widespread languages within the country
Argentina’s cultural roots are mainly europeans and that is clearly reflected in its arquitecture, music, literature and lifestyle. It has an intense cultural activity. It is seen in the festivities, expositions, cinemas, theatres, and concerts that take place in the principal cities. Buenos Aires has aproximately 100 cinemas and 90 theatres with a great diversity of spectacles that turn it into one of the cities with the major theatrical activity in Latin America In the Borges, Recoleta y General San Martín cultural centres the cultural dynamics of the country and the world are exposed. The Colon Theatre, which is among the best three lyrical theatres, stands out for its arquitecture and its perfect acoustics. It is visited by the most outstanding personalities of the classical music, ballet and drama of the world. Other important theatres are the National Cervantes and the Municipal Gral. San Martín Theatres. Painting and Sculpture are given great importance. This is reflected in the prestigious art galleries existing in the principal cities of the country. The characteristic music of the city of Buenos Aires is the world-famous tango. Folklore includes several and varid rythms and styles according to the different regions of the country. The typical Argentine food is asado (barbecue: meat cooked over live coals), appart from empanadas ( a sort of turnover meat pie or pastry that comes with a variety of other stuffings), tamales ( a dish made of corn meal, chicken or meat wrapped in corn husks), humita (dish made of grated corn, sweet peppers and tomatoes wrapped in the green leaves of corn) and locro ( dish made of meat, potato, pumpkin, corn and sweet pepper). However, and due to the important migrating current that populated the country , there exists a quite varied international cuisine: Spanish, Italian, French, German, Scandinavian, Greek, English, Sweddish, Hungarian, Dutch, Chilean, Mexican, Basque, Jewish, Russian, Ukranian, Chinese, Japanese, Thailander and Arabian. Our country characteristic drink is mate (infusion). The quality of its wines and meats is worldly known and the new Argentine cuisine has reached an international level standing out due to its qualified chefs.
Even though several sports are practised, soccer (futbol) is the most outstanding one. In the city of Buenos Aires there are a large number of stadiums, some of them with a capacity of more than 40.000 people. Pato is the autoctonuos sport and Polo has reached international importance due to the quality of its players. Other important sports practised by a large number of people are: tennis, rugby, hockey, volleyball, basquetball, motorsports, golf, water sports and beach sports. The ski enthusiasts can choose from numerous winter centres to practise it. Sporting fishing can be practised in the whole country, giving the major importance to the obtention of the huge Dorados and the varieties of Salmonidae . Due to its extension and diversity of climates Argentina offer the opportunity to practise any kinds of traditional and adventure sports such as motonautic, wind sailing, boating, kayak, rafting, scuba diving, trekking, mountain climbing, mountain bike, parashuting, hang gliding, ski, snowboard, small and big game hunting among others
The official religion of Argentina is the Apostolic Roman Catholic, but there is complete religious freedom. Other religions practised, in a lesser degree though, are Protestantism, Judaism, Islamism, and the Greek and Russian Orthodox religion among others. The percentual distribution is as follows
APOSTOLIC ROMAN CATHOLIC – 93 %
PROTESTANT – 2,5 %
JEWISH – 2 %
OTHER RELIGIONS – 2,5 %
The Argentine Peso is the official currency. Bills come in 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 pesos. One pesos equals one hundred cents. 2 pesos are blue (Bartolomé Mitre 1821-1906), 5 pesos are green (José de San Martín 1778-1850), 10 pesos are brown (Manuel Belgrano 1770-1820), 20 pesos are red (Juan Manuel de Rosas 1793-1877), 50 pesos are grey (Domingo Faustino Sarmiento 1811-1888) and 100 pesos are violet (Julio Argentino Roca 1843-1914). Coins are 1 peso and then there are coins from 50,25,5 and 1 cents. 1 peso coins are golden and silver plated; 50 cents coins are golden; 25,10 and 5 cents coins may be either golden or silver plated. Finally copper 1 cent coins are rarely used. Banking hours are from Monday to tuesday from 10:00 AM to 3:00 PM.
How to get there and travel
Argentina offers modern means of transport: air, sea, river,overland and urban. The main airlines of the world travel to Argentina arriving, most of them, at the Internacional Ministro Pistarini Airport (located in Ezeiza), connected to the city of Buenos Aires by means of a motorway (35 Km). It is also possible to arrive at the cities of Cordoba and Mendoza by air from some bordering countries. Or even, you can reach Argentina by overland transport from these countries.
When to travel
Remember that in the Southern hemisphere the seasons are the opposite to those in the Northern hemisphere. The high season in Argentina takes place during the months of January and February (summer holidays) and July (winter holidays). During those periods the local tourism grows and prices get generally higher. You can enjoy Buenos Aires the whole year even though in summer (especially January and February), it is too hot. Summer (January, February and part of December and March), is the most favourable season to visit the Patagonia (Andean and Atlantic); the central Sierras (Cordoba and San Luis); and the Sierras and beaches of the Buenos Aires cost. Winter (June, July and August), is advisable to travel to the North and Northwest for the rains are less frequent and the tropical temperature drops a few degrees. Autumm and Spring are ideal for the Cuyo Region even though summer is a good time to visit it too. July and August are the most convenient months for the practice of ski in the varid Winter Ski Centres that our country offers. Winter and Spring are appropiate to visit Misiones and its Iguazu Falls (Summer is too hot). Choose your clothes according to the time of the year and the region you visit.
Foreign tourists coming from bordering countries only need an identity card to enter the country. People from abroad must show their passports. Tourists from abroad can stay in the country up to 90 days at most.
The legal tender currency in our country is the Argentine Peso. Several shops accept Dollars, however, it is convenient to exchange them in Banks and authorized Exchange Bureaux. The legal tender notes are 100, 50, 20, 10, 5 y 2 Pesos, and the coins 1 Peso, 50, 25, 10 y 5 cents (there are also 1 cent coins but they are rarely used).
The most well known and accepted credit cards are: American Express, Master Card, VISA and Diners.
Categories (4 y 5 *): more than u$s 65.-; intermediate (3 *): from u$s 40 to 65 and modest (1 y 2 *): from u$s 25 to 40 u$s. RESTAURANTS
Fast Food: u$s 5,-; intermediate: from u$s 10 to 20; high category: u$s 20 and more. DAILY CAR RENTAL
Underground: u$s 0,60; bus: u$s 0,70; taxis y remisses (cars with driver): u$s 2,5 and more.
fizzy drink : from u$s 1 to 3; coffe: from u$s 1,5 to 3.
Newspapers: from u$s 1,2 to 2,5 Tips
Tourism Secretariat of the Nation, Tourism Information Centre: Av. Santa Fe 883, (1059) Buenos Aires, tel. 4312-2232 ó 0-800-555-0016 (free call) Aeropuertos Argentina 2000: Aut. Tte. Gral. Ricchieri s/n. Phone: 4576-5300. Information: 4576-5111 Jorge Newbery Airport: R. Obligado s/n. Tel: 4514-1515 al 23 (8 AM to 9 PM)
Ezeiza International Airport: Aut. Tte. Gral. Ricchieri s/n. Information: 5480-6111 (8 AM to 8 PM) Information Centres of the City of Buenos Aires in: La Boca – Caminito: Vapor de la Carrera in Pedro de Mendoza 1851 (Friday to Sunday 10 AM to 6 PM) Puerto Madero: Dock 4 Grúa 8 (Monday to Friday 11 AM to 8 PM. Saturday and Sunday 10 AM to 8 PM. Phone: 4313-0187) San Nicolás: Florida and Diagonal Roque Sáenz Peña (Monday to Friday 9 AM to 5 PM), Sarmiento 1551 PB (Monday to Friday 10 AM to 5 PM. Phone: 4372-3612), Carlos Pellegrini between Perón and Sarmiento (Monday to Friday 10 AM to 6 PM)
You can get more detailed information about Córdoba in Buenos Aires @ this address:
CASA DE CORDOBA
Av. Callao 332 4372-2615 4372-2638 4372-2725
Suipacha 1109 4312-6801
Paraná 711 4374-1134
Av. Córdoba 967 4323-6000
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